Journal of Advances in Technology and Engineering Research
Journal ISSN: 2414-4592
Article DOI:
Received: 21 May 2016
Accepted: 01 June 2016
Published: 21 June 2016
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  • Numerical simulation on flow and heat transfer characteristics of supercritical fluids in mini-channels

A. N. Oumer, N. T. Rao , F. Basrawi , H. Ibrahim

Published online: 2016


This paper investigated the flow and heat transfer characteristics of supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) and supercritical water (SC-H2O) in horizontal micro-channels using a CFD approach. Model of a straight circular pipe of stainless steel with internal and external radii of, and , respectively and a heated length of 55 mm were considered. For the simulation, carbon dioxide and water at supercritical pressures of 9.5 MPa and 22.07 MPa respectively were used, while uniform heat was applied on the outer surface of the tube. The thermodynamic properties for both fluids were obtained from the NIST Chemistry Web book. The simulated temperature and heat transfer coefficient variation were compared with experimental results from literature. In general, the simulation results were close to the experiment. Both the simulation and experimental results showed that the wall temperature increased along the tube length. As expected, the heat transfer coefficient values for both supercritical fluids decreased as the length of the tube. This was due to the reason that a maximum and dominant convection heat transfer occurred at the entrance of the heated section of the pipe. The results from this study could assist in decisions regarding the use of supercritical fluids in industries which involve heat transfer.