Journal of Applied and Physical Sciences
Journal ISSN: 2414-3103
Artical DOI:
Received: 31 October 2014
Accepted: 16 August, 2015
Published: 15 October 2015
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  • Traditional fishing gears and methods in Ilocos Norte, the Philippines

Facundo B. Asia, Pilar Carolyn V. Pascual, Ninfa S. Asia

Article first published online: 2015


The current study aims at documenting traditional fishing gears and methods taken by rural Ilocano fishermen, the Philippines, which is something that has never been conducted comprehensively. It records, identifies, and describes their characteristics, including their designs, modes of operation, fishing grounds and species of fishes being caught. Key informants include artisanal fishermen who have been using fishing gears and methods from the inland and coastal municipalities of the province where the informants have been living in. Results discover 48 fishing gears and methods have currently been use, which are classified into four (4) categories, i.e. eight of them are hand instruments (six coastal, two inland and three common); ten kinds of trap (three coastal, seven inland and one common); fourteen types of lines (11 coastal, two inland and one common); and sixteen are known as nets (10 coastal, six inland and four common). Besides, there are fifteen miscellaneous fishing accessories or paraphernalia that are not included in the classification. On the other hand, a variety of marine and freshwater fish species, which includes all the catch of those fishing gears and fishing methods, is identified and recorded by using either Ilokano and English or common names. These include 44 species of marine fishes, six (6) species of marine invertebrates, seven (7) species of freshwater fishes, and three (3) species of freshwater invertebrates. Looking at these documentations, this brief study may have become a valuable material to preserve the fishing culture and traditions of the Ilocanos, including for those who may find this as an important material for further studies.