Journal of Advances in Humanities and Social Sciences
Details
Journal ISSN: 2414-3111
Article DOI: https://doi.org/10.20474/jahss-3.3.4
Received: 2 October 2016
Accepted: 5 March 2017
Published: 21 April 2017
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  • Health benefits derived by reducing air pollution: An East Delhi analysis

Pooja Sharma, Rupeesha Galhotra, Pooja Jain, Prarthna Aggarwal Goel, Bhoomi Aggarwal, Drishti Narula, Chitranshi Singh, Juhi Dugar, Mansi Goyal, Phalguni Sanghi, Pragati, Srishti Gupta

Published online: 2017

Abstract

The paper implicates the study of health impact due to air pollution in East Delhi. Air pollution causes deterioration in the health status of people due to which a major proportion of their income is incurred on medical expenditure. The major objective of this research is to approximately appraise the benefit that an individual would attain in East Delhi, if there is a reduction in air pollution in this region, or similarly reiterated, an increment in the air quality of the regions located in East Delhi. The research methodology engages a household production function model which is based on household survey of areas which are within half a kilometre distance from the main air pollution monitoring stations of Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and Delhi Pollution Control Committee (DPCC) located at Anand Vihar, Nizamuddin, Shahdara and Dilshad Garden. This model is used to determine the relationships among the willingness of the people to pay for a reduction in pollution, cost of treatment, both direct as well as indirect costs. The method of computing the monetary benefit of reducing air pollution involves the regressing number of sick days on environment quality, mitigating activity, stock of health capital and stock of social capital. The paper investigates that the indoor pollution, ambient air pollution and poor health stock increase the probability of falling sick. This reduced probability of falling sick implies a monetary benefit that individuals will acquire as a result of reduction in Air Pollution. Various factors, including nutrition, eating habits, usage of heat generating electronic devices, etc. are related with the number of sick days that a person has, and an increase in the aforementioned independent activities decreases the dependent variable (no. of sick days). The study holds a signi􀏐icant role in spreading awareness about air pollution among the people in Delhi and helps us to identify the reasons for high indoor pollution in various regions of Delhi. By safeguarding the health of the individuals, the society would contribute to the building up of human capital which is more productive and ef􀏐icient, since health is a crucial constituent of human capital.