Journal of Advances in Health and Medical Sciences
Journal ISSN: 2517-9616
Article DOI:
Received: 28 September 2016
Accepted: 28 October 2016
Published: 13 February 2017
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  • Knowledge, perception, and dengue prevention behavior in lowokwaru sub district, urban area in Malang, Indonesia

Alidha Nur Rakhmani, Kamolnetr Okanurak, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Yanin Limpanont, Sopon Iamsirithaworn

Published online: 2017


One of the strategies to control dengue in Indonesia is changing behaviour practice using slogan 3M plus. 3M is consisted of cleaning water container, covering water container, and burying or throwing discarded items. Plus is activity to avoid mosquito bite (using repellent or long sleeves) and activity to reduce mosquito breeding place such as fogging. This study aimed to determine level of knowledge, perception, and prevention behaviour regarding dengue in Lowokwaru sub district, urban area in Malang, Indonesia. Cross sectional study using semi-structured questionnaire among 220 respondents was conducted by face-to-face interview. More than 43 percent (43.6%) of respondents exhibited moderate level of knowledge. They had good knowledge regarding cause and severity of dengue. However, they had low knowledge about prevention actions. Most of the respondents had positive perception towards dengue. Positive perception was found towards susceptibility and severity of dengue and only moderate perception towards prevention actions. Most of them (61%) were more likely to perform 3M prevention behavior than plus prevention behavior. Respondents had low knowledge and need improvement level of practice regarding prevention actions particularly plus prevention activities. Therefore, this study suggests that 3M plus campaign should provide more information about prevention behaviour knowledge in terms of plus activities.